Alcohol facts and figures
Attitudes to alcohol in Scotland - from Scottish Social Attitudes Survey 2013
- 84% of Scots thought alcohol causes either a 'great deal' or 'quite a lot of harm in Scotland'.
- Most people disapprove of excessive drinking - only 19% thought that 'getting drunk is a perfectly acceptable thing to do on weekends'.
- Over four in ten (44%) non-drinkers perceived that others think they are odd for not drinking.
- Around half of Scots did not know the number of units in a pint of beer, measure of spirits or a glass of wine.
Alcohol consumption in Scotland - from Scottish Health Survey 2016
- 1 in 4 people (26%) drink at hazardous or harmful levels (defined as drinking more than 14 units per week).
- Drinking more than 14 units a week was reported by 35% of men and 17% of women.
- Men drink an average of 16.9 units of alcohol a week, and women drink an average of 8.8 units a week.
- 16% of people say they are non-drinkers.
- 13% of people drank on more than 5 days in the last week.
Alcohol-related deaths in Scotland - from National Records of Scotland
- There were 1,265 alcohol-related deaths in 2016 (where alcohol was the underlying cause of death) - an increase of 115 (10%) compared with 2015.
- 867 of the alcohol-related deaths were men, 398 were women.
- Over the years since 1979, there have been roughly twice as many male deaths as female deaths.
- 503 deaths were people aged 45-59, 468 deaths in the 60-74 age group, 147 deaths in the 75+ age group, 136 deaths in the 30-44 age group, and smaller numbers for other age groups.
- The 45-59 age group has had the largest number of alcohol-related deaths in almost every year since 1979.
Alcohol-related hospital stays in Scotland - from Alcohol-related Hospital Statistics Scotland 2015/16
- There were almost 35,000 alcohol-related hospital stays in 2015/16.
- Around 90% of the alcohol-related hospital admissions are to general acute hospitals and around 10% to psychiatric hospitals.
- 92% of alcohol-related hospital stays resulted from emergency admissions.
- 71% of alcohol-related hospital stays were men.
- Rates were highest in the 55-64 age group for men and the 45-54 age group for women.
- Rates were nearly 8 times higher for people living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived.
- NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde had double the rate of alcohol-related hospital stays compared with NHS Dumfries and Galloway.
Alcohol-related GP consultations in Scotland - from ScotPHO
- There were an estimated 94,630 alcohol-related primary care consultations by 48,420 patients in 2012/13.
- Consultation rates were highest for those aged 65 and over.
Alcohol-related trauma in Scotland - from STAG Trauma Annual Report 2015
- Alcohol is associated with 33% of major trauma patients and 25% of all trauma patients.
- Involvement of alcohol is nearly twice as common in male trauma patients.
Alcohol-related crime in Scotland - from Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014/15
- In just over half (54%) of violent crime, the victim said the offender was under the influence of alcohol.
- In the past 10 years, half of those accused of murder were under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs at the time of the murder.
- Two thirds of young offenders were drunk at the time of their offence. (from Scottish Prisoner Survey 2013)
Cost of alcohol harm - from The Societal Cost of Alcohol Misuse in Scotland for 2007
- Alcohol harm costs Scotland £3.6 billion a year in health, social care, crime, productive capacity and wider costs.
- Alcohol costs the health service in Scotland £267 million a year.
- The cost of alcohol-related crime is £727 million a year.
- Alcohol costs every local authority area in Scotland millions of pounds a year - see our local alcohol cost profiles in the Resources section.